East Serbia is a region known for its significant wine production and viticultural heritage. The area boasts a favorable climate and diverse terroir, making it conducive to cultivating various grape varieties. The wine industry in East Serbia has a long history that dates back to ancient times, and today, it continues to thrive with a growing reputation for producing high-quality wines.The main wine-producing areas in include the municipalities of Negotin, Zaječar, Knjaževac, and Bor.
Viticulture and Winemaking Tradition
Grape Varieties: East Serbia is home to a wide range of grape varieties, both indigenous and international. Some of the most prominent local grape varieties include autochthonous grape for Negotonska Krajina, Black Tamjanika (red wine), Bagrina (red wine), Začinak (red wine), and others Prokupac (red wine), Gamez (red wine), Muscat Hamburg. Additionally, international varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc are also grown in the region.
The region has a long tradition of winemaking, with local families and wineries often passing down their winemaking knowledge from generation to generation. In recent years, East Serbian wines have gained recognition and won awards at both national and international wine competitions. This recognition has helped raise the profile of Serbian wines and attract wine enthusiasts and experts from around the world.
Here are some of the scenic attractions you can find in the region:
Negotinska Krajina: Offers a combination of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and a thriving wine industry, making it an appealing destination for wine enthusiasts and travelers seeking a unique and authentic experience in Serbia. One of the most famous attractions in Negotinska Krajina is the Rajac Wine Cellars. Located in the village of Rajac, these unique cellars were built into the rocky hills and are used for storing and aging wine. The cellars have an authentic and rustic charm and are an important part of the region's winemaking tradition. The region hosts several wine festivals and events throughout the year, celebrating its winemaking culture and allowing visitors to taste a variety of wines and local delicacies.
Zaječar: Has a long history that dates back to ancient times. It was originally settled by the Thracians and later became part of the Roman Empire, which left its mark on the region's cultural and architectural heritage.
Felix Romuliana: Also known as Gamzigrad, is an archaeological site located near Zaječar. It holds immense historical and cultural importance as it was the birthplace of Emperor Galerius (Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus), one of the most prominent figures in the Roman Empire during the late 3rd and early 4th centuries AD. In recognition of its historical significance and well-preserved architectural remains, Felix Romuliana was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
Knjaževac: The town itself has a history dating back to the Roman period, and remnants of Roman settlements and fortifications have been discovered in the vicinity, such as Timacum Minus . The town and its surroundings preserve a rich ethnographic heritage, which encompasses traditional crafts, folklore, and customs. Wine production in Knjaževac is deeply rooted in the region's cultural heritage. The tradition of winemaking has been passed down through generations, and many families have been involved in the industry for more than hundred years. The picturesque landscapes around Knjaževac are adorned with vineyards, and cultural objects making the area visually appealing and providing visitors with the opportunity to explore.